Elephants the largest land animals on land. They can grow to be between 10 and 13 feet tall at the shoulder, and usually weigh between 8,000 and 24,000 pounds, depending on the species. Female elephants tend to be slightly smaller than male elephants. The herbivorous creatures also lead long lives, generally living to between 50 and 70 years, although some captive elephants may live into their eighties.
There are three main species of elephants that roam the earth today. The African bush elephants and the African forest elephants roam the plains and wooded areas of Africa. They are very similar in size and appearance. The Asian elephant lives in Southeast Asia, and is slightly smaller than the African elephant species. Asian elephants have been domesticated and are sometimes used as a work animal, hauling heavy loads.